Planet Vegeta is the home of the Saiyans.
The environment of planet vegeta possess relatively little water on the surface. Most water can be found deep underground, and as such many races do not live on its rocky surface. The only race shown to actively live their now are the Saiyans, who have established many large cities all over the Planet.
Planet Vegeta posses 10 times the Gravity of Earth, and is much a harsh desert. Only Ki powered humans can survive there for very long.